Undoubtedly, from a variety of food-borne diseases,making food hygiene

Undoubtedly, At any time or in any
society, food seems to plays an
indispensable role in people’s daily life. According to Fisher (n.d) , ”first
we eat,then do everything else”, in which he appreciates the importance of
food to one’s life. A balanced diet will ensure the proper function of the
body,which partially contributes to the development of a person regarding both
mental and physical health. Lengthy Nonetheless,
people currently have to suffer from a variety of food-borne diseases,making
food hygiene become the priority concern of both individuals and governments
throughout the world. Basically, food hygiene is defined as the essential
conditions to make sure that the food meet the safety standards from
manufacturing to eating. For food may be poisoned at any stage, which may
raise the risk of food-related diseases and even deaths (WHO). ??? grammar

This organization also claim that ‘unsafe food containing
harmful bacteria,chemicals,parasites and viruses causes more than 200 diseases
ranging from diarrhoea to cancer”. As a result, 220 million children is with diarrhoea and 96
million are reported to die annually all over the world. From my perspective,
unsanitary food, which leads to catastrophic consequences, has jeopardised people
worldwide. Therefore, heath concerns in general and food safety in detail
should be taken into consideration and put at the top of priority. This
research, which is at the aim of raising awareness of food safety in Vietnam,
will discuss this issue in terms of its situations, causes and suggested
solutions.

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2. Discussion

2.1  Current situations of food in Vietnam

On 2nd April , 2015 , WHO announced the number of food-borne diseases all over the world: 582
million. This is an amazing figure, making
food poisoning a worrying issue shared by many people in both developing and affluent countries. Thus, Vietnam
is undoubtedly not an exception. Vietnamese now wonder whether the food they eat on a
daily basis can meet the food safety standard or not. In
fact, according to the figures collected by Vietnam Food
Administration in 2016, annually there are
approximately 250-500 cases with food poison with 7000-10000 victims and
100-200 deaths in this country, which arouses
worry and anxiety in consumers nationwide.

Statistics declared by Vietnam Ministry of Health (trích t? ngu?n nào l?p ?c b?ng này):

Number

Year

Cases

Victims

Deaths

1

2010

175

5,664

51

2

2011

148

4,700

27

3

2012

168

5,541

34

4

2013

160

5,238

28

5

2014

193

5,202

42

6

2015

171

4,965

23

7

2016

129

4,139

12

8

2017

139

3,869

24

Total

8 years

1,283

39,218

241

The number of food poisoning cases 2010-2017 (t?i sao tên table l?i cho xu?ng cu?i, cho lên ??u ch??)

 

Looking at the details, it
is virtually apparent that the number of cases, patients
and deaths has decreased slightly during eight-year span. However, these
figures are prone to go up in the next few years due to a sudden increase of death between 2016 and 2017.
Hence, unhygienic
food has prioritized concern of all buyers in all items, including meat, aquaculture, street
food or even vegetables and fruits.

In terms of meat, it
plays an integral role in daily meal of each household. Approximately
75% of meat consumed everyday is pork while this sort of meat is liable to do
harm to consumers if it exceeds microbial contamination limit. 216
samples from 72 pig farms, 545 from 49 slaughterhouses and 514 from 220 pork
shops in wet market were taken from 2 provinces in Vietnam: Hung Yen and Nghe
An to demonstrate this facts. the results from above sources for Salmonella are
35%, 30% and 37% respectively and for E.coli are in turn
91%,75% and 79%. Most of the above
statistics are above
acceptable quality limit,putting consumers’ health at risk.(Sinh, Hung, Unger, Makita, Phuc, Ngan and Grace, 2016).

Regarding aquaculture, according
to General Department of Vietnam Customs, Vietnam
is a big supplier of aquaculture products to the US, EU
and Japan with the total export amounting to 7.6 billion USD. The problem is
that seafood takes risk of being contaminated due to water pollution . Recently,
fishermen along the coast in the centre of Vietnam have had to encounter
massive loss of aquaculture economy and the surrounding ecology as a Taiwanese
steel manufacturer discharged toxic chemicals
into the sea,killing a vast majority of creatures of nearby culture beds (Tuoitrenew
tên bài ch? ko ph?i tên trang báo,2016).

As for
junk food, South-East Asia is a well-known land for its diversity
of cheap and yummy food. In Vietnam, eating street
food is a shared habit of residents, especially
teenagers, making it become one of the biggest street food consumers in
Asia(CNN, tên bài ch? ko ph?i tên trang web n.d). Tran Van Ky from Vietnam Association of Food Science and Technology
believes that the majority of ingredients of street food are unsafe. Sellers
abuse flavouring, food colouring and food preservatives to attract
consumers’ attention and increase the original taste. In
some cases, an excessive intake of this kind of food may cause
food poisoning, even cancer for long-term usage.

Fresh vegetables and fruits are also priority concern
of Vietnamese consumers as production merely concentrates on quantity and
neglect quality. Fruit and Vegetable Research Institute estimated that
annually 15.4 million tons of vegetables and 8.3 million tons of fruits are
distributed and eaten. However, pesticides and herbicides are overused to raise the productivity to meet the enormous demand. Besides, Vietnam
also imports a large amount of this products from other countries and China is
a typical example.In 2014,30% of Vietnam vegetables and fruits was estimated to
be imported from China and this figure surged to 70% last
year.Meanwhile,experts from Vietnam
Institute for Economic and Policy Research warn consumers of high risks of food poisoning because
of low-quality products. Therefore, this type of
food also worry Vietnamese buyers (VOV,2017)

2.2 Causes of unsafe food

?o?n này sau d?u ch?m, d?u ph?y ph?i cách ra

The rapid
growth of unsanitary food
can be caused by a number of factors. The first and foremost may be the lack of
awareness in both production and handling. There
used to be a nationwide campaign so-called ”SAY NO TO DIRTY FOOD” launched by
Vietnam television in 2016 but residents seemed to be reluctant and paid little
attention to this program (Vietnamnet, 2016). It
indicates that Vietnamese people are likely to ignore food safety issue.In
fact,any procedure from production to storage can cause unhygienic
food.(Davalos, 2014).
Pham Van Tan- the
deputy chairman of Vietnam Union
of Science and Technology Association claimed that the amount of chemical pesticides,herbicides and
fertilisers for growing vegetables in 2010 was 2.5 times higher than that
utilized in 2011 and statistics given by Ministry of Agriculture and rural
development showed that about 6.8 tonnes of meat stimulants had reportedly been
imported illegally into Vietnam to preserve food. The
insufficient care for the consumers’ health and blind greed might have stimulated suppliers to use preservatives and chemicals to gain
more profits. In 2008, a frightening food incident was revealed to public. They
found Melamine in child powers,which was used deliberately to raise the protein
level containing in this products. As a
consequence, about 300,000 Chinese new-born babies and little
children had to suffer from kidney diseases and urinary tract infection, in
which there were 6 cases reported to die due to use of this item.(PubMed Central,2009).
Accordingly, it
can be inferred that the providers may not be aware of the negative impacts of
”unclear origin” food and harmful substances to the public health, which
leads to their unsafe food usage.

Moreover, improper food
handling is attributed to be another cause of the increase in food poisoning
cases. The storage of food is a troublesome problem facing
Vietnamese people due to the bad habits of storing food and groceries. It
is generally common in Vietnam if Vietnamese housewives only market for all the
week and put them in the fridge to keep it fresh.(Deetz,2013). H?t ngo?c thì m?i ch?m ch?.

 

However, the refrigerators were only invented for the sake of
slowing down the bacterial growth and each item of food can be kept safe for a
certain period of time. For instance, raw meat, poultry
and fish are only fresh for 1-2 days. If they are
overdue, they may spoil and harm eaters’ health.(United States of
Agriculture,2015)

Last but not least, loose
laws and regulations are to blame for the deterioration of this issue. As
an illustration, people all over the world witnessed the bad influences
of using low-quality oil in India, causing a
massive cohort of children killed after eating such unhealthy ingredients. If
Indian government had passed stricter laws, a
number of families would not have had to endure lasting hurt and could not
forgive for this brutal action.(Deetz,2013).

 

 

2.3 Several suggested solutions

It is advisable that both individuals and governments
take urgent actions to confront with unsafe food. With regard to individuals, consumers are encouraged to purchase food from
trustworthy stores and take notice of food labelling where they will find all
the information about the products (name, ingredients, origin, ways
to store and so on others). Thanks to this
practice, they may eliminate the risk of food poisoning. (Keir,Wise and Kerbs,2002).
Sao ko th?y ngu?n này trong ref??

?o?n này vi?t cách ra sau d?u ch?m, ph?y

Regarding the authorities, the
government had better restrict and enact more severe laws to punish or fine
those transmitting, storing and trading unsafe food or even put them into
jail for longer period. (Deetz,2013) and stimulate healthy activities and food labelling
will be taken as an example. It is considered to be an ideal method to
”communicate” with customers. Labelling products means that this products are
healthy, nutritious and guaranteed by corporations and
governments. Moreover, public awareness
is bound to be raised.For
consumers,there
should be more campaigns and food programs launched for residents to take this
problem into account and be capable of recognizing fresh food as well. Additionally, Vietnam’s
Food Administration should provide training on food hygiene and safety to
vendors to enhance their food quality.Training is liable to better the food
hygiene in Vietnam with a large number of butchers (85%) who are reported to
use disinfectants and avoid chemicals as well as preservatives compared to 48%
in previous years.(Johnson, Mayne, Grace and Wyatt, 2015). Ch? th?y ngu?n này trong ref?

Especially,after this course if their food an not meet
the demand, they will definitely fined or even forced to stop
their trading (WHO,2015)

Thêm conclusion, vi?t l?i abstract, soát l?i
nh?ng ngu?n nào dung trong bài thì vi?t trong references.