The position of Sudan
Sudan was and still is one of the most vulnerable
countries to global warming because of food insecurity. Thus, as a
result of hotter climate and irregular rainfall, much of Sudan has become step
by step unsuitable for agriculture and more than 600,000 people have had to
flee due to flood.
Our fight goes through two important points: limiting
population displacement by reducing the consequences of global warming but also
managing the reception of those who will nevertheless have to leave.
For the first point, our government released in July, a plan to
fight the consequences of climate change. This plan implements a strategy to use drought resistant crop varieties, more efficient irrigation systems and better crop storage.
However, despite being one of the most affected countries by climate change, the funding Sudan
receives to help combat global warming is significantly lower than other countries. Rich and
developed countries must make more effort to help countries like ours that have no
resources to overcome the problem. They should also know that if
the problem is not well managed they will be
destabilized by migration.
However, it’s not only
money we need but a non-commercial help. It is not a
matter of gaining market share for rich countries,
but of helping us to build, for example our great green wall or to develop sustainable
agriculture without subsidize food, which makes us dependent.
Health is also a crucial focus of the government’s adaptation plan
but without international fund, researchers, it would be arduous to cope with
it. Indeed, studies need to be done to establish the link
between rising temperatures, water stress and the spread of diseases like
yellow fever and cholera in order to learn how to cope with.
For the second point, we must limit the influence of geopolitics
during the determination of quotas of displaced the
receiving countries would
have to host. Thus, it is essential to constitute an independent
organization with simple rules that establish these quotas for countries less
affected by global warming.
Moreover, migrants must be unused to destabilize their country of
origin and the neighbouring countries of their host country. Indeed, the
example of migration taking place today has shown us that we need to prohibit the climate refugee from becoming