The located. Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia and

The feud between Spain and Catalonia started centuries ago in the 1500’s when Spain was ruled by a monarchy, and the king was extremely ignorant to Catalonia. After General Franco, the head of Spain’s dictatorship, died in 1978, Catalonia fared well in Spain as an independent region, and their autonomy was only broadened in a 2006 statute created by the Spanish government, which gave Catalonia many more powers, along with the ability to be called a “nation.” However, tensions increased in 2008 during the Spanish financial crisis when many public spending cuts occurred. Resentment towards the Spanish government only escalated in 2010, when a constitutional court decided to reverse many of the powers given to Catalonia in the 2006 statute. This subject is controversial because many Catalonians have strong separatist viewpoints and would like to be independent from Spain, but in spite of this, many social, political, and economic issues would arise from the split (“Catalonia: Spain Issues Deadline to Separatists”). One of the main reasons that Catalonians would like to become a part of an independent nation is that the nation is richer than most parts of Spain, meaning that it pays more in taxes than it gets back from the Spanish government (Day, et. al). This issue not only affects Spain and Catalonia, because with the changes that would occur in trade and mindsets could affect all of the European Union, which includes the United States (Kanihama).
Some words that would be beneficial to know for understanding this issue are autonomy, Madrid, Barcelona, and the European Union. Autonomy refers to a region’s state of being self-governed yet still a part of a larger nation, which in this case of Spain. Madrid is the capital of Spain, and the place where the central Spanish government is located. Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia and where the main Catalonian government is. The European Union, also known as the EU, is a group of 28 nations that are united politically and economically, and of which Spain is a part of.
Initially, Catalonia gaining independence would be disadvantageous to both the Spanish and the Catalonian economy. To begin, it would be challenging for Catalonia as an independent nation to get into the European Union since a majority would need to say yes, and Spain and its allies would most likely refuse (“Could Catalonia Make a Success of Independence?”) If this happened Catalonia would lose 65.8% of its total exports (Bosch).
Catalonia was previously included in the EU as part of Spain, yet if they were to lose the vital trading ability that came with not being a part of the EU, the Catalonian economy would shrink significantly and hinder the country in its pursuit of nationhood.