Review customs (Skaria, Ajay.1997). The practices such as sati,

Review of literature

Vedic India,
for so long the torch bearer of art and science, is also the land of fairy-like
enchantments as well as perfidious magic. Both are taught by the Vedas and both
were revealed by Brahma himself.

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Dr.
Paramananda Mariadassou

{Traditional
medicine in India: Black magic}

Introduction:

A
life of stigma, isolated from their society often from their family… it is a
dark tunnel with a little light who are branded as witches. The rites and
rituals are essential to become a true individual with self-realization, but
when it was overweighed it will became evil practices. India is a country with
lot of diversities. The culture of the societies differ from place to place and
community to community. Most
generalised
narratives tend to be anecdotal and stereotypical and frame witch-hunting as an
exceptional, evil and barbaric form of violence; the ?othering of the context
and its superstitious beliefs from the otherwise ?rational? and ?ordered
societies (Mehra &Agarwal 2016).
74.04%
of Indian population are literate, but our people blindly follows in
superstitious beliefs and evil customs (Skaria, Ajay.1997). The practices such
as sati, child marriage, witch hunting etc. had their strong impact on the
society. Witches does not exist in any form and anywhere but custom of witch
hunting is prevalent in all over the world. The cultural barricade and the
practices which forced to believe Indian community that there exist some super
natural power in our community. In earlier time when people suffered with any
disease they always blame to the super power either as the curse or the angry.
When someone caught with smallpox the society claim that it is curse of
goddess. For each small incident they go behind the supernatural power. It
causes the evolution of local ojhas and traditional witch hunters, they hold
the supreme control or authority over the local or backward community of
society. These witch hunters claimed that they have power to control the so
called witches and they will bring prosperity by removing these bad omens. 

The practice of
‘witch-hunting’ constitutes gender-based discrimination as it affects women
disproportionately. Witch-hunting is a gross violation of human right violation
against women under Part III of the Constitution i.e. the Right to Equality
under article 14, the prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion,
race, caste, sex or place of birth under article 15, the Right to Protection of
life and personal liberty under article 21 which includes the right to life
with dignity and prohibition of torture. Right of equality of opportunity in
matters of public employment under article 16, the abolition of untouchability
under article 17 and the Protection of the interests of minorities under
article 29 of the Constitution. Witch-hunting also violates norms of
international human rights law including those in the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and
Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, which
are binding upon India. Presently, section 323 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860
is used to deal with most witch-hunt cases. The effect of this is that the
persistent harassment of a woman, violence, social ostracism and deprivation of
rights are prosecuted in the same way as a common assault. In addition certain
provisions of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 have been typically used to book
offenders in cases relating to witch-hunting such as section 382 ‘theft after
preparation made for causing death, hurt or restraint in order to commit theft,
sections 339—48 ‘wrongful restraint and confinement’, sections 320—22, ‘Causing
grievous hurt’, sections 359—69, ‘Kidnapping and abduction’, sections 375—376,
‘Rape’, sections 499—501, ‘Defamation’ and section 302, ‘Murder’. The use of the
aforesaid sections in the absence of a stringent law to deal with the problem
of witch-hunting has resulted in an ad
hoc, un-coordinated and often insensitive approach to tackle the social
evil of witch-hunting (Lakhanpal, 2016). There is a need to prevent, prohibit
and prosecute witch-hunting as a specific manifestation of ongoing
discrimination and violence against women across India. The co-ordinated and
coherent approach of a national law would, therefore, better redress the
devastating impact that witch-hunting has on the lives of targeted women across
India. It would also better mobilize civil society and law enforcement agencies
to fulfil their obligations. 

The existence of
witch crafting and black magic has evidenced in ancient Vedas and historical
documents (Saletore, R.N, 1981). Witch craft is mentioned as a legitimate
profession in Rigveda, there observed fortune tellers alongside with kings in
history. They tries to decode the gods wish and their liking through this
sophisticated technique and reassure the king’s victory in a war or in taking
important decision. Sorcery and witch crafting has a clear cut connection with
ancient residents of our nation. In Atharvaveda it has mentioned magic and
religion is amalgamated each other. Vedic literatures mention that magic is a
bad thing but not if handled by Kings or Brahmana’s.