It 2003, the Disarmament Statute was enforced, a new

It has been reckoned that there are 500,000 causalities
each year due to the illicit flow of small arms and light weapons. The illicit
traffic of small arms and light weapons hinders the development and progress of
economies, good governance, and human rights. The majority of illicit small
arms and light weapons began as licensed weaponry and firearms. The diversion
and spread of weapons of civilians is one source of weapon supply. There are
many unrestrained government arsenals that are left vulnerable to theft, loss,
and diversion.

Brazil completely supports illicit flow small arms and light
weapons and takes it very seriously. Brazil supports the opposition to the
risks associated with the illicit flow of small arms and light weapons. Although
Brazil has signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2013 and has not been ratified
yet by the lower house of Congress of Brazil, Brazil believes that the ATT should
have forbid arms transfers to unauthorized non-state actors. Brazil also
believes that Brazil must weapons must be differentiated into conflict and
non-conflict situations to determine the severity of the cases. Since 2001,
Brazil had tackled many efforts to adequately and effectively put in place the
Programme of Action. In December 2003, the Disarmament Statute was enforced, a
new legal and restrictive framework for the control of small arms, light
weapons and ammunition. The newly set law has bettered the National Arms
Registration System and placed strenuous conditions for issuing gun ownership
licenses. In 2004, the Brazilian Government and civil society commenced a major
disarmament campaign across the nation to promote a culture of peace, lift
public awareness of the dangers of firearm possession and promote their
voluntary expulsion.

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Regulations have been placed by the Ministry of Defense of Brazil
which made it mandatory that all ammunition must have individual identities. In
turn, this has greatly improved the capability of the Brazilian police to
combat the illicit circulation of ammunition. The initiatives have ushered a
reduction of 8.2 percent in 2004 of deaths engendered by firearms in Brazil.
Brazil is willing to keep the number of causalities engendered by firearms lowered.

Brazil fully supported the Programme of Action adopted by the 2001
United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade of Small Arms and Light Weapons
in All Its Aspects and pledged to contribute to its execution. It has also commenced
a series of initiatives in all fields related to oppose the illicit flows of
weaponry and ammunition. In addition, it has also taken collaborative campaigns
with other governments at the regional and sub-regional levels which have been
supported by vital assistance from the organized civil society.