Intervention for justification the war should be humanitarian and

Intervention
has become one of the main issues for contemporary peace operations, especially
the involvement of American Military. International intervention refers to extraneous
actions impact the domestic affairs of another sovereign state. There are various
types of intervention such as speech, economic aid or blockade, military
advisors, supporting opposition, limited military action, and military invasion
which is the highest coercion. History has shown that the war is not a justifiable
act in a considerable number of situations. Every war accompanies unnecessary loss
of lives and economic collapse. For example, in Korean War, 600,000 people
died, and civilians who were not the soldiers were 85%. Also, in Korean War, the
United States of America that helped Republic of Korea by supplying the highest
number of soldiers lost their 54,000 of lives and some of the soldiers were
captured by North Korea. However, the use of war could not be avoided in some
cases. In this case if the war is inevitable, it must be for an ethical cause. Also,
intervention could be included in the process. Michael Walzer provides four exceptions
for the military intervention or the morally justified war: Preemptive intervention,
intervention against intervention, rescuing people under massacre, and help for
self-determination. I definitely believe that these four kinds of exceptions in
intervention could be justified.

 

             A just war must take into account
the motivation, for justification the war should be humanitarian and for a
common superior good of a majority, with a proportional response as opposed to
the threat (LawTeacher). Nevertheless, though there are reasons to rationalize the
acts and processes of intervention, it is inescapable to make debates among
critics whether intervention was necessary or not. In 1990 August 2nd,
Iraq invaded Kuwait. Making the standards for humanitarian intervention is
needed. Even in humanitarian intervention, military action should not be taken not
seriously. For instance, in the procedure of rescuing people exposed to slaughter,
it should be reminded that their purpose is ‘Rescuing’, not killing all the
people on the opposite side, taking economic or political superiority by the
war, or enlarging the territory. Military intervention must be contemplated
over a number of times before it comes into action. As Michael Walzer had suggested,
a threshold matter is absolutely important that loss of life should be
prevented. However, in humanitarian paradigm, only the mass slaughter would
permit the use for military force. The loss of lives involving military force
would be larger if there is a small number of abuses. There is a significant
influence of military force, so using other kinds of intervention like speech
and economic aid or blockade should be used. Using military force should be the
last option to prevent massacre. Next, the intervention should be directed mainly
by a humanitarian purpose. Furthermore, the military force should follow international
human rights and humanitarian-perspective law. They should assure that the way
used to intervene themselves. Fourth, after the military action, it should
provoke harm. Humanitarian intervention should not be attempted if it is like
to cause a significant decrease in economic supply or more pain (Human Rights
Watch, 2004).

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             Moreover, another reason for intervention
could be rationalized by intervention against intervention. It is obvious that
if there are two opposing sides, the side with military help would win the war.
To balance this war, it is crucial that intervention of other side is needed.
Korean war is the example that explains this concept. There were two opposing
sides, North Korea and South Korea. The war began in 1950 June 25th by
the invasion of North Korea to South Korea. The influence of intervention was
huge. North Korea was supported by China and Soviet Union, while South Korea
was supported by United Nations including the United States, United Kingdom,
Canada, Turkey, Australia, Philippines, New Zealand, Thailand, Ethiopia,
Greece, France, Colombia, Belgium, South Africa, Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
The power of the USA was especially extensive as it provided strategic plans
and a lot of soldiers. If South Korea was not supported by United Nations, it
would have suddenly collapsed by North Korea and have integrated into North
Korea with communism. Also, North Korea would have collapsed and integrated
into South Korea if it was not supported by China and Soviet Union. Therefore,
in this kind of situation, intervention is required. Still, we should not
forget that the purpose of intervention is not to win the war, but to balance
the power between the opposing sides. This can be seen in Vietnam War