In wide range of publications and documents. French imperialism

In
the early 1880s, France controlled Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, which were also
known as French Indochina. To legitimize their colonialism, the French built up
their own rule called the mission civilisatrice. It was, in reality, a French version
of the English ‘white man’s burden’. French imperialists claimed it was their
responsibility to colonize undeveloped locals in Africa and Asia, to introduce
new political thoughts, social changes, modern strategies and new technological
developments. To rationalize their imperialism, the French developed their
own principle called the mission
civilisatrice.  The mission
was however a pretense: the genuine rationale in French colonialism was profit
and economic exploitation (Heel 180).French
imperialism was driven by a demand for resources, raw materials and cheap
labor. This study therefore aims at finding out whether moral responsibility partially played a role when France colonized Indo
china.

As
mentioned in the previous paragraph, profit, was the motive behind the
Indochina colonization by French. For instance, in Vietnam, the French
companies transformed their economy into a proto-capitalist system, which was
mainly based on land ownership, low wages increased production, and exports (Heel 180). Exploitation was the order of the day with majority of
Vietnamese working to befit the French colons at the expense of providing for
themselves. Citizens with small portions of land were given the option of
relocating elsewhere or remaining as laborers on the rice and rubber
plantations. Factories were also constructed to process the surplus raw
materials such as coal, tin and zinc. However, after processing material was
sold, most of the profits were pocketed by French capitalists and officials.

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Apart
from grabbing their land and making the poor even poorer, the French colons
further subjected the Vietnamese to unfavorable taxation system. This includes but
not limited to; imposts on the weighing and measuring of agricultural goods,
tax on wages, tax on all adult males, and stamp duties on a wide range of
publications and documents.

French
imperialism provided a few benefits for the Vietnamese, most perceptibly
upgrades in education. French missionaries opened primary schools and gave
lessons in both French and Viet languages. In 1902, the French missionaries
opened the University of Hanoi which turned out into an essential national
focal point of learning. On top of it, Vietnamese students were offered
scholarship to study in France. These changes were however only achievable in
the cities and particularly to the rich families. Children of peasant farmers
were left with no other choice but to join their parents in the plantations as
casual laborers.