In in auther’s mind can be traced out through

In  Psychoanalysis psychologists
try to have a grip on the problems that are deep rooted into unconsius mind. By
exploring unconscious many concisous problems can be solved. Many childhood
fixations are the cause of disturbance thorough out a person’s life. It
includes certain childhood traumas conflicts and repressed wishes.
Psychoanalysis brings these repressed wishes and traumas through many
techniques into conscious to resolve them. In literature psychoanalysis is
thought to be as a window to author’s mind. Certain traumas and conflicts in
auther’s mind can be traced out through psychoanalysis. By applying this theory
on aurther miller’s death of a salesman it becomes clear that auther millier’s
psyche is very much influenced by the upheavel of America at theat time

At thr time when death of a salesman was written
American society was going through many transformations that causes many
pathological states and mental illness . Psychiatrists and
social analyst presented explanations for these mental states; they contended,
“Social insecurity caused rising occurrences of madness” ( morgo horn
2127) many social poilitical and economic changes shaped people’s mental state

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Aurther
miller as being the member of same society had a great influence of all this
upheaval on his writing. He has shown the real picture of the society of that
time and what people were actually suffering from, after revolution. One of the
great infelenc of it is seen on the mental situatuins of people. In his play
death of a salesman he is reflecting the same situation. Willy loman, the  centrel character is suffering from narcissm.
Willy is a self centred man who impses his false assumptions and values over
his family. According to aurther miller commont men is also apt for tragedy as
kings and high class people.willy is a common man who is so much influenced by
society that his family is also getting disturbed by it. He has dreams that are
impossible. He thought that selling was the best profession that can give
wealth and fame but when it proves to be wrong ben and chrley all the time
makes him realise unconsciously that he is a faloure, he becomes victim to
narcissism and becomes menatly disturbed. He has false dreams values ego and
pride. Throughout the play he shows signs and symptoms of a narcisst. Narcissm
is a common yet unknown term to many through psychoanalysis we can see the
presence of narcissism in many of the characters in literature. Giving too much
value to self is narcissim Sigmund Freud, in his essay, “On Narcissism,” claims that the
development of narcissism occurs when “the libido that has been withdrawn
from the external world has been directed to the ego, giving rise to a state
which we may call narcissism” (32). This means, according to Freud, that
narcissism is a seminal factor in creating a sense of self, or a unified being,
and suggests that individuals, in the normal cycle of development, detach their
libido from the ego and attach it towards external objects outside the internal
self. Such a process, Freud argues, is called primary narcissism. In addition,
Freud claims that when individuals engage in the process of object choice,
which is governed by the hope that the love object will fulfill the
individuals’ narcissistic needs the way the mother originally fulfilled them,
they choose mother or father figures as their partners in the hope that these
parents substitutes will fulfill the needs of their ego-libido.

 In death of a salesman American society willy
is cahallenged by three dreams  firstly Ben and wealth at all costs
(or J.P. Morgan “with his pockets on”) secondly Dave Singleman, the man who was
according to willy “well-liked” and thirdly 
Bernard and possibaly charley too willy continuesllay tries to follow
them to be well liked as they are but he never get success the play can be seen
as a series of symptoms leading to a final disaster or a disease that cause the
death of willy loman. In psychoanalysis theory it is suggested that seveerl
mental illness are caused by traumatic incidents in early life of the subject.
How about willy loman?? Did he have traumatic incidents that leads to his
tragic end? In prychoanalysis this trauma is usually caused by baby’s
separation from mother but in willy’s case it is father who unexpectedly left
the kid when he was 4  but the problem is
not that Willy’s father went to Alaska and stopped supporting his family. It is
far more immaterial and common, if only because nothing in the play is to be
taken at a purely factual level.maight be his father too had a tragedy at
Alaska. There can be many possibilities for the case but the main problem is
very much significant. It is the only reason he cares and expects too much from
his sons that is the real cause of his tragedy according to psychoanalysi.some
other traumas would also possibaly have taken place that causes narcissism in
his personality. His brother also abondons him at the young age that’s why
there is fra of abandonment in his personality he sufferes from insecure and
unstable sense of self son=metimes hi self esteem is high and sometimes very
low. He uses many defence machenisams to cope with the anxieties he is facing.
Most of the time he is aggressive and sometimes in a sense of regret. All these
factors contributes to his tragic death at the end. On the other hand self
esteem is also the factor that Is having its share in willy’s ruine a Self-esteem that is based upon the support
of others is momentary and causes self-delusion and self-destruction.most f
willy’s problems his dearth of self-knowledge, his denial to follow his natural
dispositions, his continuous self-doubt, misperception and lack of
self-reliance, his persistent, stubborn determination to do things his own way,
some times pessimism and sometime optimism need for approval, the bad impact on
his sons all are the results of self esteem Willy always depends on others
approval to raise up his self esteem but when he observes that all the people
who used to approve him are no more or not supporting him he started to have a
drift in his self esteem. To ragain this self esteem he strts to remind himself
of the past and the times when he was happy