Health information exchange
is health information that is electronically traded between multiple
organizations and individuals with the same level of interoperability through
different information systems and software applications that are able to
Examples of the different
functions of HIE are:
exchange of health information electronically between providers and others with
the same level of interoperability.
the health care providers and the patients the ability to access and share the
patient’s medical information electronically. This ability improves the speed,
quality, safety and cost of patient care.
the capability to electronically share clinical information among different healthcare
information systems and keep the meaning of the information that is being exchanged.
These functions help to fill
information gaps and provides a more complete picture of a patient’s health.
There are many benefits to
the health information exchange. A few examples of these are:
in healthcare quality and patient outcomes.
unnecessary tests and services.
efficiency of care through ensuring everyone who is involved in a patient’s
care has access to the same information. Which results in enhanced patient care
coordination by being able to make better informed decisions regarding a
patient’s care and treatment.
costs by making administrative tasks more simple and efficient
coordination and support with the public health officials to improve the health
of the community. This is done through a process of reporting and monitoring of
the health systems data.
There are three types of
HIE. These are directed exchange, query-based exchange, and consumer mediated
exchange can send and receive information electronically to different healthcare
exchange is a way to find and/or request information on a patient from other
mediated exchange gives the patients the ability to control their own health
information. They are able to transfer their information between providers and
monitor their own health.
The role of clinical terminologies
are a set of concepts and relationships that can provide a reference point.
This reference point can be used to compare and aggregate data in the health
care processes and is recorded by different individual systems/institutions.
Clinical terminologies are
used for the following:
Clinical terminology is a
building block that provides a mutual understanding of the meaning of data
exchanged between information systems. Clinical terminologies form the basis of
coded data and provide the data structure that is required for semantic
interoperability and health information exchange.
Whereas, data standards will
ensure the data exchange will be high-quality and will be able to be exchanged
with other computer systems. This efficiently and accurately shares clinical
information throughout healthcare facilities.
There are plenty of challenges
to the health information exchange. Some of the challenges of the health
information exchange are:
to select the HIE that is needed for your organization
lack of federal standards and interoperability
costs and time
Whereas, some benefits for
transitions of care
or eliminated duplication of procedures, tests, and treatments
access to clinical data
patient health monitoring
patient satisfaction and provider experience
The significance of data
quality in HIE is huge. Not only is data quality one of the most important elements
in healthcare, it has also created the need for more complete, accurate, and relevant
information regarding a patient’s care.