“Ghosts” is also one of Ibsen’s best plays. It constantly reveals some secrets, the characters are constantly discovering something new for themselves, hence the tension. The main character is a widow Fru Alving. In the town there was an opinion about her late husband Captain Alvinge as a noble, ideally decent, generous man, and of the two of them as an ideal married couple. Suddenly she tells Pastor Manders the truth about their family life, which was a “disguised abyss”. All her life she concealed that her husband was actually a debauchee and a drunk, creating a positive “image” for him. She lied and turned around all her life for the sake of her son, so that there would not be a stain of shame on him. And so, it seems, Fru Alving has reached the desired result: the husband has died, he is well-known. There is nothing to worry about. But just now she begins to doubt the correctness of her behavior.An adult son, Oswald, a poor artist, comes from France. He is strikingly similar to his father – he also very much likes to drink. One day when the mother hears how he sticks to the servant in the kitchen, she cried out, she thought that before her was the ghost of the late captain, who also once once molested the maid.Then another terrible secret opens, Oswald has a serious mental illness – this is a direct result of the “cheerful” way of life of his father. And at the end of the play, he goes mad in front of his mother, turns into an idiot. So the son brutally pays for the sins of his father. By the way, Ibsen was sure that there is such a law in life: if punishment for sins and vices does not comprehend a person during his life, then the punishment will be overtaken by his children or grandchildren.Of course, Cruel Alving was cruelly punished in “Ghosts,” punished for lying. Any concealed ill-being, disease, vice will someday prove itself all the same and will strike with redoubled force. The play exposes any lie.