Firstly, lives of individuals and classify occupation into three

Firstly, the characteristics of occupation
and the positive influence those characteristics have on human health and
well-being is one reason for considering the importance of occupation.
Occupations are seen as essential by The Canadian Association of Occupation
Therapists (CAOT) to the lives of individuals and classify occupation into
three purposes, also known as occupational performance. These include looking after
themselves (self-care), enjoying life (leisure) and contributing to the social
and economic fabric of their communities (productivity) (CAOT, 2002). The
divisions clearly show the significant role occupation has in supporting individuals’
health and wellbeing generally as well as assisting recovery and their social
participation. Similarly, this links to the description Molineux (2010, cited
in Curtin, Molineux and Supyk-Mellson, 2010, p.19) provides of occupation and
understands its nature and being of: actively engaged, having a purpose and
meaning, contextualised and human characteristic. Each of the key characteristics
encourages individuals to express and understand themselves through activities
mattering to them, in which gives them a strong sense of their self. This can help
to increase their self-esteem, confidence and happiness and decrease negativity,
leading to improve their health and quality of life. With that said, it can be presented
through for example participating in leisure occupations, such as gardening.

Gardens, as well
as the activity of gardening, have been shown to have a positive impact on peoples’
health and wellbeing (Garden Organic and Sustain, 2014) and as well Soga,
Gaston and Yamaura (2017) stated that there is increasing evidence that
gardening provides substantial human health benefits. A recent case-control
study had been undertaken by Wood, Pretty and Griffin (2015) based on allotment
gardening and the benefits that this particular type of gardening brings to
health and well-being. A mixture of allotment gardeners and non-gardeners during
their sessions of allotment gardening were both analysed on their self-esteem
and mood and compared on their mental well-being. From the study’s results, paired
t-tests revealed a significant improvement in self-esteem (P

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