is a support and help service for people in a state of crisis or moments of
change that require their adaptation to living conditions they are unfamiliar
counselling aims at developing the following self-awareness, self-development
and individualization self-awareness, problem-solving, psychological education,
social skills development, behavioural change.
counselling is at the first level of psychological intervention, along with
prevention and rehabilitation, representing the process of orientation-learning
– addressed to educational subjects (students, students, adult learners) and
their educational partners (parents, employers) in order to empower them with
the most efficient methods, techniques and procedures for managing and solving
their educational problems. F.Inskipp and H. John (1984) show that counselling
is a way to relate and respond to one person so that the counsellor is helped
to explore his thoughts, emotions, and emotions to gain a clearer
self-understanding and then learn to find and exploit its stronger parts
(resources) so that they can face life more effectively, taking appropriate
decisions or acting appropriately.
the literature, counselling – is a procedure used in the social care and other
professions to guide individuals, families, groups to specific activities. In
this respect, a series of procedures are used, such as: offering solutions,
delimiting and analysing alternatives, support for goal outline, information.
in social work is one of the most important methods of intervention, it is used
in the process of helping the individual or a group.
purpose of counselling is to better know the client and to enhance his / her
self-confidence and together to find solutions to all the problems he /she
term counselling is often mistaken, and as such, inappropriately used as
interchangeable with that of psychotherapy.
Counselling and Psychotherapy:
first net difference between counselling and psychotherapy is the primary
objective of the intervention.
the case of counselling, the primary objective is to provide the support
requested by the individual, family, group, organization, to adapt to a new or
the case of psychotherapy, the primary objective is to solve some problems
diagnosed as such by the psychotherapist after interacting with the client
(individual, family and group).
to psychotherapeutic services may be voluntary or involuntary, in the context
of referral by specialists, based on a diagnosis, or the imposition of
psychotherapeutic treatment as a result of behaviour that contrasts with
generally accepted social norms.
the case of counselling, intervention may be centred on preventing the
development of problematic behaviours or psycho-emotional issues, not
necessarily linked to the existence of problematic situations per se (e.g.
pre-marital or pregnant counselling).
Types of counselling:
in school, children and adolescents.
the UK, this type of counselling is often limited to the school and
professional orientation of adolescents.
the pregnant woman
and post-adoption counselling
and post-divorce counselling
and post-abortion counselling
for people with terminal illnesses
provided to certain ethnic groups (focusing on educational counselling and
counselling, the professional build a supportive relationship in the sense of
motivating the client to act to change that behaviour that has triggered the
crisis and restore the psychosocial balance of life.
is the use of ability and principle of relationship to foster self-knowledge,
emotional self-acceptance, maturation and optimal development of professional
resources. Its purpose is to provide the opportunity to work as efficiently as
possible and to make the complete use of resources.(Grinnell & Unrau, 2007)
definition of educational counselling can be achieved even by the concept of
art, because it acts on a sensitive field, applies methods, techniques and
procedures for modelling the personality of the subject in a differentiated and
creative way, adapts the reality of the ideas, experiences, will and behaviour
of the subject (educational) the reality of the environment (educational).
counselling does not act on the objective reality as such, but on the
psychological image of this reality reflected in the mind, personality and
behaviour of the subject (educational).
the same time, counselling is a psycho-educational technology if it develops
rules of creation, transformation and control (M. Bunge, 1978) of specific
processes for positive and beneficial purposes.