CHAPTER Poor growth in children (The British Association for

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

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1.1  Problem’s
Background

The Sustainable Development or also known as SDGs is
goals that is set by United Nations to make the world a better place. It
contains 17 co-relating goals with 169 achievement that is measured and time
targeted to be done in 2030. Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs is a
continuation from Millennium Development Goals or MDGs that ended in 2015. SGDs is
expected to effectively overcome the problems that are occurring in all over
the world because not only the goals are more detailed to cover all bases SDGs
also held the ‘No-one Left Behind’ or the inclusive development principle to
make sure that every country can be benefitted and helped by SDGs.

One of the goals from SDGs is Zero Hunger, this goal
is included in the Sustainable Development Goals because the saddening
situation in a lot of countries all over the world that still experience crisis
of food and malnutrition especially in under develop and developing countries
including Indonesia.

 

1.2  Problem Formulations

1.      How hunger can become a global problem?

2.      How the condition of the world community,
especially in Indonesia related to the problem of hunger and malnutrition?

3.      Is there a solution that can solve the problem
of world hunger especially in Indonesia?

 

1.3  Objectives

1.    To
know how hunger can become a
global problem.

2.    To
know how the condition of the
world community, especially in Indonesia related to the problem of hunger and
malnutrition.

3.    To find solution that can solve the problem of
world hunger especially in Indonesia.

 

CHAPTER II

DISCUSSION

 

2.1 Definition

What is malnutrition? Malnutrition is
a state of nutrition in which happen  any
imbalance condition of protein, energy, or other nutrients causes bad and
negative effects on tissue / body form and function and clinical outcome (The British Association for Parenteral and Enteral
Nutrition, 2017)

 

2.2 Facts and Cases

In
2012, there is
two billion people in the world suffer from various forms of malnutrition. Malnutrition
is one of the main cause of death of 2.6 million children each year. Especially
in developing country, 1 in 3 children stunted, their bodies fail to develop
fully as the effect of malnutrition. (Gain Health, 2012). Particularly
in patient who have overweight, malnutrition can often be very difficult to recognise.
Malnutrition can happen very gradually, which can make it very difficult to
spot in the early stages. Some of the symptoms and signs to watch out for
include:

1.      Loss
of appetite

2.      Weight
loss and loss energy

3.      Tiredness

4.      Reduced
ability to perform normal tasks

5.      Reduced
physical performance – for example, not being able to walk as far or as fast as
usual

6.      Altered
mood – malnutrition can be associated with lethargy and depression

7.      Poor
concentration

8.      Poor
growth in children

(The British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 2017)

2.3 Discussion

Indonesia stated in UU No. 18 Tahun 2012, pasal 1:

“Ketahanan
pangan adalah kondisi terpenuhinya pangan bagi negara sampai dengan
perseorangan yang tercemin dari tersedianya pangan yang cukup baik jumlah
maupun mutunya, aman, beragam, bergizi, merata dan terjangkau, serta tidak
bertentangan dengan agama, keyakinan dan budaya masyarakat, agar dapat hidup
aktif dan produktif secara berkelanjutan”

Because
of that, we can conclusion get same treatment, include to get food everyone
must get his rights.

Indonesia
also has stated in UUD Pasal 34 ayat 1:

“Fakir miskin dan
anak-anak terlantar dipelihara negara” 

The number
of poor and displaced children who continue to grow can indicate the country
has been guilty of not providing a decent living for them.

We can
also see this matter in Pancasila’s perspective, as we already know Pancasila
has five silas (Indonesia,1945)

1.     
Ketuhanan
Yang Maha Esa

2.     
Kemanusiaan
yang adil dan beradab

3.     
Persatuan
Indonesia

4.     
Kerakyatan
yang dipimpin hikmat kebijaksanaan dalam permusyawaratan perwakilan

5.     
Keadilan
sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia

Or
in English:

1.      Belief
in the One and Only God

2.      Just
and civilized humanity

3.      Unity
of Indonesia

4.      Democracy
in the lead wisdom in deliberations representation

5.      Social
Justice for all Indonesian people

We
can relate this hunger problem to the 5th sila, stated “Keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat
Indonesia” because being
healthy and prosperous while others suffer is injustice, it is not humane. By
ensuring that everyone can receive the same treatment, we enforce humanity and
justice.

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER III

CLOSING

 

3.1 Conclusion

The
problem of hunger and malnutrition is crucial thing to be assured, it is a
fundamental right of every citizen of Indonesia that can’t be challenged.
It is right that we participate in
solving the problem of hunger ranging from small things like not wasting food. The
law that govern the hunger and malnutrition system in Indonesia is stated in Undang-undang No. 18 Tahun 2012 pasal 1, UUD
Pasal 34 ayat 1, and Pancasila’s 5th sila.

 

3.2  
Suggestion

1.      
According to the author, the problem of hunger
and malnutrition is not only the responsibility of the government but it is the
responsibility of us all as citizens of the world. The importance of government
cooperation and we all certainly can overcome this problem of hunger