A big breakfast meal at McDonald has 1,150 calories. At Wendy’s, a “baconator” is 950 calories. At Burger King, a “triple whopper” has 1,130 calories. Do these numbers intimidate you? In fact, you should be alarmed because a regular teenager should consume 1,800-2,400 calories a day (“How Many Calories Should an Average Teenager Eat Per Day?”). On average, teenagers take in 725 calories from a fast food outlet. People should should not underestimate calories. In fact, in 2016, studies have shown that from ages 2-19, 34% (Porter,Kathryn)of them eats at a drive-in restaurant at least once a week. Because of this, people should stop feasting on too many calories. Devouring food from fast food restaurants can lead to obesity, heart disease, other chronic diseases, memory and learning problems, and can cause chemical changes that lead to depression.` Fast food consumption costs were nearly $164.8 billion in 2010. This was a 3% rise from 2009.(Mandal, Ananya)The average fast food meal contains too many calories. “A 2007 survey from the July 2009 journal “Obesity” found that the average fast food totaled 827 calories.”(Morris, Ivy) A person caloric intake varies depending on your energy output. The average adult woman generally needs between 1,600 to 2,400 calories per day, and the Page 2average adult man usually needs from 2,000 to 3,000 calories per day. Consuming excess calories puts you at risk of weight gain and weight-related health conditions. A “Obesity Surgery” study that fast food consumption had the most influence on the growing rate of severe obesity in America.ObesityHow does being obese affect people’s’ long term health? Being obese can affect your heart, breathing, mood, energy level, and many more. Basically, obesity can have a huge impact on people’s life because it can interfere with your social life and most definitely your health. Some factors that ll affect people’s weight could be excessive eating, receiving lack of exercise, and eating food that contains a bountiful amount of fat and calories. Studies have shown the calories intake can dramatically expand more than 300 kilocalories among the total United States population from 1985 through 2002. (“National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey”) In fact, the numbers have only risen within less than two decades. In the United States, 33.8% of adults are affected by obesity while 19% of children are affected. (Pappas,Eric) Fast food restaurants are one of the countless reasons why people have been affected by obesity. Over the past forty years, studies have shown that food eaten away from home has risen alarmingly. It is also well known that dining may lead to excessive calories. This can increase the chances of obesity because when dining out, these restaurants may offer varieties of sizes and Page 3food that may or may not have more calories than the other. Fast food is associated with higher body mass index, which will most likely lead to obesity. Eating at a fast food restaurant can influence children much more worse than an adult is. The reason is because most of the fast foods are targeted towards children and there is a sustained pattern of eating out. About 2% of children embrace the excessive energy imbalance intake result in the development of obesity over time. (Chaput, Jean-Philippe) Within children, the energy is also spent in large parts of growth and development. Studies have exhibited that calorie content of out-home meals that children consumed are 55% higher than of in-home meals. Heart DiseaseBy far, scientists are unable to announce that fast food stimulates heart disease. However, studies have identified that it is possible to increase the risk of developing or dying from heart disease. At the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, researchers have examined that consuming fast food as little as once a week increases the risk of getting coronary heart disease by 20%. Eating fast food two to three times a week will severely put you in danger because the chances of obtaining heart diseases would increase by 50%. Eating fast food on a regular basis can increase the chance of obtaining coronary heart disease by 80%.(Renee, Janet) This clearly shows the disadvantage of eating food that has many calories. The more fast food people eat on a daily basis, the higher the chance of obtaining these illnesses. Binging on fast food can increase the intake of total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. According to a published study in June 2012, an issue of the journal, “Archives of Iranian Medicines,” Eating too much of any of these can alter metabolic factors that increases the risk for heart disease. Researchers have told the public that, “young and middle aged fast food eaters thus founded both ages grouped showed a dramatic increase in heart disease risk factors, such as high triglyceride, low levels of high density lipoproteins, and increased body mass index. The main concern about fast food is that it can provide an imbalanced amount of macronutrients.”In 2012, there were more than 700,000 cardiometabolic deaths In the U.S. Among those deaths, more than 318,000, roughly 45%, were associated with a poor diet.(Kekatos, Mark) Are you flabbergasted about this amount of death within a year? In fact, analyzation has revealed that half of all diabetes, strokes, and heart disease deaths in 2012 were found to be linked to poor health diet. United States spent $27 billion out of $80 billion on prescription drugs toward the poor diet. (Kekatos, Mark)The primary reason of cardiovascular disease are the huge amount of salt in food. Studies showed that a difference of 5 grams a day in habitual salt intake is associated with 23% difference in the rate of stroke and a 17% difference in the rate of total cardiovascular diseases. In 2009, study has shown that people who consume over 4 grams of sodium per day has a higher chance, 84% greater likelihood, of having a stroke than people consuming 2.4 grams or less sodium daily. (Pinzon,Rizaldy)Most fast food meals are high in fats and cholesterols and lack the proper of nutrients people should receive. Fruits and vegetables help maintain a balanced meal. According to a study by Dr. Gary Plotnick, a cardiologist at the University of Maryland Medical Center, “within three to five hours after eating a high-fat meal, the blood vessels function abnormally. For a healthy person, this is usually a minor, temporary event. For someone with coronary disease, this could cause a cardiac event, such as a heart attack or stroke.” (Plotnick, Gray)Regularly eating fast food over an extended period may increase a person’s chance of two types of diabetes. In 2005, “lancet” article published that to the “fifteen years of study, people who ate fast food at least three times a week gained an extra 9.9lb of body weight had a two-fold greater increase in insulin resistance when compared to those who ate fast food less than once a week. Insulin resistance occurs when the hormone insulin does not properly regulate blood glucose levels. Hypertension, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease are also linked to insulin resistance.” (Morris, Ivy) Hypertension is a condition in which the human artery wall is so high that eventually cause health problem. Additionally, Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids in the human blood.Memory and learning problemFast food can also harm how the brain functions. In 2011, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition study published (NDTV Food Desk) that healthy people who ate junk food for only five days performed poorly on cognitive test that measured attention, speed, and mood. Which concluded that eating fast food for just five days regularly can have an impact on the human brain. In fact, a toxic diet can cause certain chemical reactions lead to inflammation in the hippocampus area of the brain, which is associated with mermort and special recognition. Also, eating too many calories can interfere with the healthy production and function of the brain.Chemical change can lead to depression Numerous studies have shown that eating food that contains high sugar and fat will change chemical activity of the brain making it more dependent on such food. At University of Montreal, they examined on mice showed that they suffered with symptoms after their junk food diet was discontinued. (Lallanilla,Marc) In humans, these symptoms can lead to the inability to deal with stress, which makes a person feel depressed and eventually would turn back on to those foods to confront and handle these feelings. Soon, a person can be caught in a vicious cycle. By consuming too much fast food, a person can lose out in essential nutrients like amino acid tryptophan, the lack of which can increase feelings of depression. The imbalance of fatty acids is another reason people are at a higher risk of deep depression. In 2012,”Public Health Nutrition” published that compared to people who eat little to no fast food, people who regularly eat fast food area 51% more likely to develop depression. (NDTV Food Desk)The more fast food a person intake, the greater risk of depression it becomes. Does this make you think twice,the next time you come across an fast food restaurant? Additionally, from “Current Drug Abuse reviews” stated that fast food may be addictive.Better choice in what you eatFood is fuel for the body and has direct impact on how a person feel as the overall health. Fast food has become a commonly convenient go to food for many people. It is convenient, cheap, and quick but the result of intake has consequences. However, fast food have several side effects that harm the human body. Maybe, the next time a person choose to order fast food, check the menu for healthier options such as grilled chicken instead of fried, oily meal with high sodium. Divide the portion in half and be physically active after the intake of food. Watch the nutritional information, which can help choose healthier options. An alternative to fast food is to avoid drive through and get healthier option that are less in calories. Conclusion Eating at a fast food restaurant is very riskful. The more you eat, the more likely you would develop an illness. Dining out once in awhile is exceptional, however, when you eat something with many calories and fat within a night, those calories and fat will not affect you as much as binging on fast food often. Consuming fast food regularly can affect your mood, weight, and especially your heart. It is very important to know the dangers that fast food can do to your body if you aren’t cautious. Devouring these food may be very delicious, but remember the cautions, if not taken notice seriously, then you will most likely become obese obese, or develop a heart disease and/or other chronic diseases, memory and learning problems,which will cause chemical changes that lead to depression.