.3 Work Ethic
The following section considers
previous literature published regarding the importance of a good work ethic.
The term work ethic can be shown defined from Allaboutphilosophy
(nd: Online) as the way an individual interacts and feels about their
job. This includes; attitude, behaviour, respect, communication and interaction.
An individual’s work ethic can often be viewed as an indication of whom and how
a person is. The background of the term work ethic is explained by Miller (2004) he explains the term became important
throughout the industrial revolution following the change of individuals beginning
to work for wages. The area contained a strong moral component of promoting the
spiritual idea of “living to work” rather than “Working to live”. Looking further
into Miller’s finding he shares an interesting theory from historian Daniel T.
Rodgers who states that work ethic was a way of placing work at the centre of
moral life – essentially individuals having job responsibilities where seen
useful in a world of economic scarcity.
For, the purpose of this research
the writer has explored further into PWE, protestant work ethic, to be able to
later discover if this is necessary to achieve positive results within the
working world. PWE was first established within the early writings of Max Weber (1958) who shares a definition of the term
as the belief of an individual who believes in importance of hard work regarding
their work duties and responsibilities. Further research from Miller et al (2002) was found when they later explored
this area that individuals who possess high PWE consider work central to their
life, avoid wasting time and are ethical in dealing with others. In addition, PWE
has been associated with increased job satisfaction, organizational commitment
and job performance (Meriac et al. 2013). Researching
into the wok from Banks (2009) an interesting
theory is revealed in which PWE is formed when a move in an individual’s work ethic
is changed from professional ethics to ethics in professional life. In other
words, when one’s mentality is changed from a more traditional textbook professional
ethics view, to a believe of ethics as embedded and embodied in everyday practice.
Taking the above into consideration
the question is highlighted; What is the purpose of having a ‘positive work